Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Carmona retusa

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Ehretia microphylla

 

This species has no synonyms in The Plant List

 

Common names:

Scorpionbush, Fukien Tea Tree, Philippine Tea Tree

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Carmona retusa: 31]

 

 

Popularity of Carmona retusa over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Carmona retusa (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Carmona retusa as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 141]

 

Ethnomedicine (4), Kani tribals (3), Tirunelveli hills (3), Western Ghats (3), Analgesic (2), Antimutagenicity (2), Antioxidants (2), Batan Island (2), Boraginaceae (2), Data analysis (2), Fidelity level (2), Folk medicine (2), Informant consensus factor (2), Legumes composition (2), Medicinal plants (2), Micronucleus test (2), Phytosterols (2), Plant extract (2), Polyphenols (2), Squalene (2), Tocopherols (2), Triterpenic acids (2), Use value (2), [alpha]-Amyrin (1), [beta]-Amyrin (1), Alien species (1), allomicrophyllone (1), Alloxan diabetic rats (1), Antibacterial activity (1), anticlastogenic effects (1), Anticlastogenicity (1), Anti-diarrheal (1), antigen-stimulated basophil (1), Anti-inflammatory (1), Antimutagen (1), Antioxidant (1), antioxidant activity (1), antioxidant food packaging (1), Asia (1), Australasia (1), Baurenol (1), benzo[a]pyrene (1), Bioassay-guided isolation (1), biogeochemical niche (1), biopolymer (1), Boraginales (1), Buddleja globosa (1), Buddlejaceae (1), Carmona retusa (1), Carmona retusa (Vahl.) (1), Carotenoids (1), cellulose-based film (1), Cinnamaldehyde (1), Cinnamonum zeylanicum (1), common property resources (1), cyclomicrophyllone (1), cyclophosphamide (1), Cytochrome P-450 (1), dehydromicrophyllone (1), Diabetes (1), Ehretia (1), Ehretia microphylla (1), exocytosis inhibitor (1), Flavonoids (1), fruit anatomy (1), fruits (1), grazing (1), Hawaiian flora (1), Hawaiian Islands (1), HPLC (1), hydroxymicrophyllone (1), Hypoglycemic effect (1), India (1), invasive success (1), island chains (1), leaf economics (1), leaf elemental composition (1), LMA (1), long-distance dispersal (1), Malaysia (1), Malesia (1), Masam (1), Mentha cordifolia Opiz. (1), Micronuclei (1), microphyllone (1), microtome sections (1), monoterpenes (1), nitrogen (1), nutrient stoichiometry (1), Phenylethanoids (1), phosphorus (1), photosynthetic capacity (1), phytogeography (1), pioneer shrubs (1), plant-geography (1), radical scavenging activity (1), secondary succession (1), secondary tree species (1), sesquiterpenes (1), species invasions (1), Sterols (1), Streptozotocin (1), Structure-activity relationship (1), terpene emission (1), Tertiary (1), Tournefortia hartwegiana (1), Tribals (1), Triterpenoids (1), usufruct benefits (1), vegetable oil (1), vegetables (1), Western Ghats and traditional knowledge (1), α-pinene (1)

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

medicinal (67.16), grain legume (8.18), timber (2.30), weed (2.11), ornamental (1.80), fruit (1.67), resin (1.65), starch (1.30), beverage (1.08), nutraceutical (1.04)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Dharmadasa RM, Akalanka GC, Muthukumarana PRM and Wijesekara RGS (2016) Ethnopharmacological survey on medicinal plants used in snakebite treatments in Western and Sabaragamuwa provinces in Sri Lanka. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 179, 110-27. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874115302944

Parthasarathy N, Selwyn MA and Udayakumar M (2016) Tropical Dry Evergreen Forests of Peninsular India: Ecology and Conservation Significance. Tropical Conservation Science 1, 89-110. http://trc.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/1/2/89

Pandey S, Scharf BW and Mohanti M (2014) Palynological studies on mangrove ecosystem of the Chilka Lagoon, east coast of India during the last 4165 yrs BP. Quaternary International 325, 126-35. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213006794

Abe R and Ohtani K (2013) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and traditional therapies on Batan Island, the Philippines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145, 554-65. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112008069

Phoopuritham P, Thongngam M, Yoksan R and Suppakul P (2012) Antioxidant Properties of Selected Plant Extracts and Application in Packaging as Antioxidant Cellulose-Based Films for Vegetable Oil. Packaging Technology and Science 25, 125-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pts.963

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Carmona retusa: 31; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Abe R and Ohtani K (2013) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and traditional therapies on Batan Island, the Philippines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145, 554-65. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112008069

Phoopuritham P, Thongngam M, Yoksan R and Suppakul P (2012) Antioxidant Properties of Selected Plant Extracts and Application in Packaging as Antioxidant Cellulose-Based Films for Vegetable Oil. Packaging Technology and Science 25, 125-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pts.963

Ayyanar M and Ignacimuthu S (2011) Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used by Kani tribals in Tirunelveli hills of Western Ghats, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 134, 851-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000432

Kalogeropoulos N, Chiou A, Ioannou M, Karathanos VT, Hassapidou M and Andrikopoulos NK (2010) Nutritional evaluation and bioactive microconstituents (phytosterols, tocopherols, polyphenols, triterpenic acids) in cooked dry legumes usually consumed in the Mediterranean countries. Food Chemistry 121, 682-90. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814610000452

Llusià J, Peñuelas J, Sardans J, Owen SM and Niinemets Ü (2010) Measurement of volatile terpene emissions in 70 dominant vascular plant species in Hawaii: aliens emit more than natives. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19, 863-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00557.x

Mehta G and Khan TB (2010) A biomimetic total synthesis of allomicrophyllone: protective Diels-Alder reaction as a stratagem. Tetrahedron Letters 51, 6590-3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040403910018526

Mehta G and Khan TB (2010) A biomimetic total synthesis of allomicrophyllone: protective Diels–Alder reaction as a stratagem. Tetrahedron Letters 51, 6590-3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040403910018526

Penuelas J, Sardans J, LlusiÀ J, Owen SM, Carnicer J, Giambelluca TW, Rezende EL, Waite M and Niinemets Ü (2010) Faster returns on ‘leaf economics’ and different biogeochemical niche in invasive compared with native plant species. Global Change Biology 16, 2171-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02054.x

Freitas CS, Baggio CH, et al. (2009) Antinociceptive Properties of the Hydroalcoholic Extract, Fractions and Compounds Obtained from the Aerial Parts of Baccharis illinita DC in Mice. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 104, 285-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2008.00367.x

Backhouse N, Rosales L, Apablaza C, Goïty L, Erazo S, Negrete R, Theodoluz C, Rodríguez J and Delporte C (2008) Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of Buddleja globosa, Buddlejaceae. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 116, 263-9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874107006204

Kinhal V and Parthasarathy N (2008) Secondary succession and resource use in tropical fallows: A case study from the Coromandel Coast of South India. Land Degradation & Development 19, 649-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.868

Subash Babu P, Prabuseenivasan S and Ignacimuthu S (2007) Cinnamaldehyde—A potential antidiabetic agent. Phytomedicine 14, 15-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944711306001772

Ayyanar M and Ignacimuthu S (2005) Traditional knowledge of Kani tribals in Kouthalai of Tirunelveli hills, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 102, 246-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105004101

Ortiz-Andrade RR, Rodríguez-López V, Garduño-Ramírez ML, Castillo-España P and Estrada-Soto S (2005) Anti-diabetic effect on alloxanized and normoglycemic rats and some pharmacological evaluations of Tournefortia hartwegiana. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101, 37-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105002618

Otuki MF, Ferreira J, et al. (2005) Antinociceptive Properties of Mixture of {alpha}-Amyrin and {beta}-Amyrin Triterpenes: Evidence for Participation of Protein Kinase C and Protein Kinase A Pathways. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 313, 310-8. http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/313/1/310

Villasenor IM, Canlas AP, Faustino KM and Plana KG (2004) Evaluation of the bioactivity of triterpene mixture isolated from Carmona retusa (Vahl.) Masam leaves. J Ethnopharmacol 92, 53-6.

Villaseñor IM, Canlas AP, Faustino KM and Plana KG (2004) Evaluation of the bioactivity of triterpene mixture isolated from Carmona retusa (Vahl.) Masam leaves. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 92, 53-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874104000583

Gottschling M, Mai DH and Hilger HH (2002) The systematic position of Ehretia fossils (Ehretiaceae, Boraginales) from the European Tertiary and implications for character evolution. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 121, 149-56. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666701001476

Villaseñor IM, Echegoyen DE and Angelada JS (2002) A new antimutagen from Mentha cordifolia Opiz. Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 515, 141-6. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383571802000062

Ong HC and Nordiana M (1999) Malay ethno-medico botany in Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia. Fitoterapia 70, 502-13. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X99000775

Edenharder R, Frangart J, Hager M, Hofmann P and Rauscher R (1998) Protective Effects of Fruits and Vegetables against In Vivo Clastogenicity of Cyclophosphamide or Benzo[a]pyrene in Mice. Food and Chemical Toxicology 36, 637-45. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691598000350

Perumal Samy R, Ignacimuthu S and Sen A (1998) Screening of 34 Indian medicinal plants for antibacterial properties. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 62, 173-81. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874198000579

Rauscher R, Edenharder R and Platt KL (1998) In vitro antimutagenic and in vivo anticlastogenic effects of carotenoids and solvent extracts from fruits and vegetables rich in carotenoids. Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 413, 129-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383571898000175

Yamamura S, Simpol LR, Ozawa K, Ohtani K, Otsuka H, Kasai R, Yamasaki K and Padolina WG (1995) Antiallergic dimeric prenylbenzoquinones from Ehretia microphylla. Phytochemistry 39, 105-10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/003194229400845K

Anonymous (1993) Contents Volume 298 (1993). Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology 298, 297-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016512189390010B

Anonymous (1993) Annual subject index. Carcinogenesis 14, 2663-78. http://carcin.oxfordjournals.org

Villasenor IM and Edu DA (1993) Antimutagen from leaves of Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam. Mutat Res 298, 215-8.

Villaseñor IM and Edu DA (1993) Antimutagen from leaves of Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam. Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology 298, 215-8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016512189390043D

Villasenor IM, Edu DA and Bremner JB (1993) Structure of an antimutagen from Carmona retusa leaves. Carcinogenesis 14, 123-5. http://carcin.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/14/1/123

Williamson EM (1993) Selected bibliography. Phytotherapy Research 7, IV-X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2650070416

Steenis CGGJV (1979) Plant-geography of east Malesia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 79, 97-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1979.tb01511.x

Abe R and Ohtani K An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and traditional therapies on Batan Island, the Philippines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 145, 554-65. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874112008069

Ayyanar M and Ignacimuthu S Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commonly used by Kani tribals in Tirunelveli hills of Western Ghats, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 134, 851-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874111000432

Kalogeropoulos N, Chiou A, Ioannou M, Karathanos VT, Hassapidou M and Andrikopoulos NK Nutritional evaluation and bioactive microconstituents (phytosterols, tocopherols, polyphenols, triterpenic acids) in cooked dry legumes usually consumed in the Mediterranean countries. Food Chemistry 121, 682-90. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814610000452

Mehta G and Khan TB A biomimetic total synthesis of allomicrophyllone: protective Diels–Alder reaction as a stratagem. Tetrahedron Letters 51, 6590-3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040403910018526

Pandey S, Scharf BW and Mohanti M Palynological studies on mangrove ecosystem of the Chilka Lagoon, east coast of India during the last 4165 yrs BP. Quaternary International. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213006794

 


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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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