Australian New Crops Info 2016
Supported by the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation

Listing of Interesting Plants of the World:

Juncus squarrosus

 

 

This species is usually known as:

Juncus squarrosus

 

This species has also been known as:

Juncus squarrosus subsp. ellmanii, Juncus squarrosus var. glomeratus, Juncus squarrosus var. longibracteatus

 

Common names:

Mosquito Rush, Heath Rush

 

 

Trends (five databases) 1901-2013:
[Number of papers mentioning Juncus squarrosus: 319]

 

 

Popularity of Juncus squarrosus over time
[Left-hand Plot: Plot of numbers of papers mentioning Juncus squarrosus (histogram and left hand axis scale of left-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box); Right-hand Plot: Plot of a proportional micro index, derived from numbers of papers mentioning Juncus squarrosus as a proportion (scaled by multiplying by one million) of the approximate total number of papers available in databases for that year (frequency polygon and left-hand axis scale of right-hand plot) and line of best fit, 1901 to 2013 (equation and % variation accounted for in box)] 

[For larger charts showing the numbers of papers that have mentioned this species over years, select this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

Keywords

[Total number of keywords included in the papers that mentioned this species: 1084]

 

Climate change (11), grazing (11), Calluna vulgaris (10), conservation (9), biodiversity (8), Heathland (8), Peat (7), seed bank (7), Carbon (6), moorland (6), Seed dispersal (6), temperature (6), Habitat restoration (5), Herbicide (5), herbivory (5), Juncus squarrosus (5), Nardus stricta (5), palaeoecology (5), Restoration (5), species richness (5), burning (4), Carbon stocks (4), Conservation management <ARROW (4), distribution (4), Enchytraeids (4), grassland (4), Habitat fragmentation (4), heather (4), nitrogen (4), Nitrogen deposition (4), Peatland (4), Peatlands (4), uplands (4), vegetation dynamics (4), vegetation mapping (4), 14C-Bomb (3), Anthropisation (3), Bracken (3), communities (3), Correspondence analysis (3), Dissolved organic carbon (3), Disturbance (3), DOC (3), ecophysiology (3), Festuca ovina (3), germination (3), Holocene (3), land use (3), Lepidoptera (3), Molinia caerulea (3), Multivariate analysis (3), Mycorrhiza (3), pollen (3), pollen analysis (3), Scotland (3), Secondary succession (3), Seed predation (3), sheep (3), Soil carbon (3), Soils (3), succession (3), vascular plants (3), Vegetation management (3), wet heathlands (3), 137Cs (2), adaptation (2), Agri-environment policies (2), Altitude (2), ammonium (2), Aphid (2), Asulam (2), atmospheric deposition (2), Biomarker (2), Biomass (2), Breed (2), Britain (2), C release (2), Cabbage (2), Calluna (2), Canonical corresponDOWN>dence analysis (2), Carbon dioxide (2), circumpolar (2), climate (2), climatic limitation (2), CO2 (2), Cognettia sphagnetorum (2), Consistency (2), Cutting (2), diaspores (2), Diplopoda (2), Drain-blocking (2), elevated CO2 (2), Enchytraeid worms (2), England (2), Farm typology (2), Farming systems (2), Floristic composition (2), Food habits (2), Fragmentation (2), French Massif Central (2), geographical and altitudinal distribution (2), global warming (2), glyphosate (2), Graminicide (2)…..

 

[If all keywords are not here (as indicated by .....), they can be accessed from this link; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Most likely scope for crop use/product (%):
[Please note: When there are only a few papers mentioning a species, care should be taken with the interpretation of these crop use/product results; as well, a mention may relate to the use of a species, or the context in which it grows, rather than a product]

 

hemiparasite (40.73), turf (20.15), medicinal (5.01), breeding (3.62), boundary (3.61), ornamental (3.51), soil amelioration (2.39), revegetation (1.97), timber (1.78), fruit (1.74)…..

 

[To see the full list of crop use/product outcomes, from searching abstracts of the papers that have mentioned this species, select this link; details of the analysis process have also been included; there are links to come back from there]

 

 

Recent mentions of this species in the literature:
[since 2012, with links to abstracts; The references from 1901-2013 which have been used for the trend, keyword and crop use/product analyses below, are listed below these references]

 

Britton AJ, Hester AJ, Hewison RL, Potts JM and Ross LC (2016) Climate, pollution and grazing drive long-term change in moorland habitats. Applied Vegetation Science, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12260

Favas PJC, Pratas J, Mitra S, Sarkar SK and Venkatachalam P (2016) Biogeochemistry of uranium in the soil-plant and water-plant systems in an old uranium mine. Science of The Total Environment 568, 350-368. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969716311950

Gonçalves J, Henriques R, Alves P, Sousa-Silva R, Monteiro AT, Lomba Â, Marcos B and Honrado J (2016) Evaluating an unmanned aerial vehicle-based approach for assessing habitat extent and condition in fine-scale early successional mountain mosaics. Applied Vegetation Science 19, 132-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12204

Milligan G, Rose RJ and Marrs RH (2016) Winners and losers in a long-term study of vegetation change at Moor House NNR: Effects of sheep-grazing and its removal on British upland vegetation. Ecological Indicators 68, 89-101. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X15006044

Pérez-Díaz S, López-Sáez JA, Pontevedra-Pombal X, Souto-Souto M and Galop D (2016) 8000 years of vegetation history in the northern Iberian Peninsula inferred from the palaeoenvironmental study of the Zalama ombrotrophic bog (Basque-Cantabrian Mountains, Spain). Boreas 45, 658-672. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bor.12182

Sansom A, Pearce-Higgins JW and Douglas DJT (2016) Negative impact of wind energy development on a breeding shorebird assessed with a BACI study design. Ibis 158, 541-555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ibi.12364

Calvo-Fernández J, Marcos E, Calvo L and Härdtle W (2015) Allocation patterns of airborne nitrogen in mountainous heathlands – A 15N tracer study in the Cantabrian Mountains (NW Spain). Ecological Engineering 84, 128-135. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857415301336

Castro D, Souto M, Garcia-Rodeja E, Pontevedra-Pombal X and Fraga MI (2015) Climate change records between the mid- and late Holocene in a peat bog from Serra do Xistral (SW Europe) using plant macrofossils and peat humification analyses. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 420, 82-95. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018214006002

Michalski SG and Durka W (2015) Separation in flowering time contributes to the maintenance of sympatric cryptic plant lineages. Ecology and Evolution 5, 2172-2184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1481

Nováková MH and Edwards-Jonášová M (2015) Restoration of Central-European mountain Norway spruce forest 15 years after natural and anthropogenic disturbance. Forest Ecology and Management 344, 120-130. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112715000687

Schellekens J, Bradley JA, Kuyper TW, Fraga I, Pontevedra-Pombal X, Vidal-Torrado P, Abbott GD and Buurman P (2015) The use of plant-specific pyrolysis products as biomarkers in peat deposits. Quaternary Science Reviews 123, 254-264. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379115300378

#x, marda P, et al. (2014) Ecological and evolutionary significance of genomic GC content diversity in monocots. PNAS 111, E4096-4102. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/111/39/E4096

Muñoz A, Basanta M, Díaz-vizcaíno E, Reyes O and Casal M (2014) LAND USE CHANGES EFFECT ON FLORISTIC COMPOSITION, DIVERSITY AND SURFACE OCCUPIED BY ERICA CILIARIS AND ERICA TETRALIX HEATHLANDS OF NW SPAIN. Land Degradation & Development 25, 532-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2179

Rasmann S, Alvarez N and Pellissier L (2014) The Altitudinal Niche-Breadth Hypothesis in Insect-Plant Interactions. In ‘Annual Plant Reviews’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 339-359. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118829783.ch10

Rodríguez-Rojo MP, Fernández-González F, Tichý L and Chytrý M (2014) Vegetation diversity of mesic grasslands (Arrhenatheretalia) in the Iberian Peninsula. Applied Vegetation Science 17, 780-796. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12118

Sänger H (2014) Sedimentationsbecken und Spülfelder. In ‘Handbuch Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9783527678471.hbnl2013008

Young D, Perotto-Baldivieso HL, Brewer T, Homer R and Santos SA (2014) Monitoring British Upland Ecosystems With the Use of Landscape Structure as an Indicator for State-and-Transition Models. Rangeland Ecology & Management 67, 380-388. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550742414500681

(2013) Index. In ‘Vegetation Ecology’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 531-560. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118452592.index

Bakker JP (2013) Vegetation Conservation, Management and Restoration. In ‘Vegetation Ecology’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 425-454. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118452592.ch14

Bedia J and Busqué J (2013) Productivity, grazing utilization, forage quality and primary production controls of species-rich alpine grasslands with Nardus stricta in northern Spain. Grass and Forage Science 68, 297-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2012.00903.x

Lee H, Alday JG, Rose RJ, O’Reilly J and Marrs RH (2013) Long-term effects of rotational prescribed burning and low-intensity sheep grazing on blanket-bog plant communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 50, 625-635. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12078

Oulehle F, Jones TG, Burden A, Cooper MDA, Lebron I, Zieliński P and Evans CD (2013) Soil–solution partitioning of DOC in acid organic soils: results from a UK field acidification and alkalization experiment. European Journal of Soil Science 64, 787-796. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12089

Peacock M, Burden A, et al. (2013) Quantifying dissolved organic carbon concentrations in upland catchments using phenolic proxy measurements. Journal of Hydrology 477, 251-260. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169412010219

Rask AM, Larsen SU, Andreasen C and Kristoffersen P (2013) Determining treatment frequency for controlling weeds on traffic islands using chemical and non-chemical weed control. Weed Research 53, 249-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wre.12019

Schofield JE, Edwards KJ, Erlendsson E and Ledger PM (2013) Palynology supports ‘Old Norse’ introductions to the flora of Greenland. Journal of Biogeography 40, 1119-1130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12067

Waroszewski J, Kalinski K, Malkiewicz M, Mazurek R, Kozlowski G and Kabala C (2013) Pleistocene–Holocene cover-beds on granite regolith as parent material for Podzols — An example from the Sudeten Mountains. CATENA 104, 161-173. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0341816212002317

Wildi O (2013) Vegetation Change in Time. In ‘Data Analysis in Vegetation Ecology’ (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 185-212. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118562543.ch9

Aarnes I, Kühl N and Birks HH (2012) Quantitative climate reconstruction from late-glacial and early Holocene plant macrofossils in western Norway using the probability density function approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 170, 27-39. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666711001783

Amiri-Jami AR, Sadeghi H and Shoor M (2012) The performance of Brevicoryne brassicae on ornamental cabbages grown in CO2-enriched atmospheres. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 15, 249-253. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S122686151200012X

Bedia J and Busqué J (2012) Productivity, grazing utilization, forage quality and primary production controls of species-rich alpine grasslands with Nardus stricta in northern Spain. Grass and Forage Science, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2012.00903.x

Brinkman EP, Raaijmakers CE, Bakx-Schotman JMT, Hannula SE, Kemmers RH, de Boer W and van der Putten WH (2012) Matgrass sward plant species benefit from soil organisms. Applied Soil Ecology 62, 61-70. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929139312001655

Evans CD, Jones TG, et al. (2012) Acidity controls on dissolved organic carbon mobility in organic soils. Global Change Biology 18, 3317-3331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02794.x

Garnett MH, Dinsmore KJ and Billett MF (2012) Annual variability in the radiocarbon age and source of dissolved CO2 in a peatland stream. Science of The Total Environment 427–428, 277-285. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969712004913

Muñoz A, Basanta M, Díaz-Vizcaíno E, Reyes O and Casal M (2012) LAND USE CHANGES EFFECT ON FLORISTIC COMPOSITION, DIVERSITY AND SURFACE OCCUPIED BY ERICA CILIARIS AND ERICA TETRALIX HEATHLANDS OF NW SPAIN. Land Degradation & Development, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2179

O’Rourke E, Kramm N and Chisholm N (2012) The influence of farming styles on the management of the Iveragh uplands, southwest Ireland. Land Use Policy 29, 805-816. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837711001542

Ross LC, Woodin SJ, Hester AJ, Thompson DBA and Birks HJB (2012) Biotic homogenization of upland vegetation: patterns and drivers at multiple spatial scales over five decades. Journal of Vegetation Science 23, 755-770. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01390.x

Stevens CJ, Wilson J and McAllister HA (2012) Biological Flora of the British Isles: Campanula rotundifolia. Journal of Ecology 100, 821-839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.01963.x

 

 

References 1901-2013 (and links to abstracts):
[Number of papers mentioning Juncus squarrosus: 319; Any undated papers have been included at the end]

 

Aarnes I, Kühl N and Birks HH (2012) Quantitative climate reconstruction from late-glacial and early Holocene plant macrofossils in western Norway using the probability density function approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 170, 27-39. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666711001783

Amiri-Jami AR, Sadeghi H and Shoor M (2012) The performance of Brevicoryne brassicae on ornamental cabbages grown in CO2-enriched atmospheres. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 15, 249-253. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S122686151200012X

Bedia J and Busqué J (2012) Productivity, grazing utilization, forage quality and primary production controls of species-rich alpine grasslands with Nardus stricta in northern Spain. Grass and Forage Science, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2012.00903.x

Evans CD, Jones TG, Burden A, Ostle N, Zieliński P, Cooper MDA, Peacock M, Clark JM, Oulehle F, Cooper D and Freeman C (2012) Acidity controls on dissolved organic carbon mobility in organic soils. Global Change Biology 18, 3317-3331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02794.x

Garnett MH, Dinsmore KJ and Billett MF (2012) Annual variability in the radiocarbon age and source of dissolved CO2 in a peatland stream. Science of The Total Environment 427–428, 277-285. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969712004913

Muñoz A, Basanta M, Díaz-Vizcaíno E, Reyes O and Casal M (2012) LAND USE CHANGES EFFECT ON FLORISTIC COMPOSITION, DIVERSITY AND SURFACE OCCUPIED BY ERICA CILIARIS AND ERICA TETRALIX HEATHLANDS OF NW SPAIN. Land Degradation & Development, n/a-n/a. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2179

O’Rourke E, Kramm N and Chisholm N (2012) The influence of farming styles on the management of the Iveragh uplands, southwest Ireland. Land Use Policy 29, 805-816. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837711001542

Ross LC, Woodin SJ, Hester AJ, Thompson DBA and Birks HJB (2012) Biotic homogenization of upland vegetation: patterns and drivers at multiple spatial scales over five decades. Journal of Vegetation Science 23, 755-770. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01390.x

Stevens CJ, Wilson J and McAllister HA (2012) Biological Flora of the British Isles: Campanula rotundifolia. Journal of Ecology 100, 821-839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.01963.x

Carrera N, Barreal ME, Rodeiro J and Briones MJI (2011) Interactive effects of temperature, soil moisture and enchytraeid activities on C losses from a peatland soil. Pedobiologia 54, 291-299. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031405611000576

Hearn SM, Healey JR, McDonald MA, Turner AJ, Wong JLG and Stewart GB (2011) The repeatability of vegetation classification and mapping. Journal of Environmental Management 92, 1174-1184. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030147971000424X

Pearce-Higgins JW (2011) Modelling conservation management options for a southern range-margin population of Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria vulnerable to climate change. Ibis 153, 345-356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2011.01108.x

Schellekens J, Buurman P, Fraga I and Martínez-Cortizas A (2011) Holocene vegetation and hydrologic changes inferred from molecular vegetation markers in peat, Penido Vello (Galicia, Spain). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 299, 56-69. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018210006504

Wilson L, Wilson JM and Johnstone I (2011) The effect of blanket bog drainage on habitat condition and on sheep grazing, evidence from a Welsh upland bog. Biological Conservation 144, 193-201. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320710003721

Briones MJI, Garnett MH and Ineson P (2010) Soil biology and warming play a key role in the release of [‘]old C’ from organic soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42, 960-967. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071710000660

Drewer J, Lohila A, Aurela M, Laurila T, Minkkinen K, Penttilä T, Dinsmore KJ, McKenzie RM, Helfter C, Flechard C, Sutton MA and Skiba UM (2010) Comparison of greenhouse gas fluxes and nitrogen budgets from an ombotrophic bog in Scotland and a minerotrophic sedge fen in Finland. European Journal of Soil Science 61, 640-650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2010.01267.x

DuprÈ C, Stevens CJ, Ranke T, Bleeker A, Peppler-Lisbach C, Gowing DJG, Dise NB, Dorland EDU, Bobbink R and Diekmann M (2010) Changes in species richness and composition in European acidic grasslands over the past 70 years: the contribution of cumulative atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Global Change Biology 16, 344-357. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01982.x

Fosaa AM, Olsen E, Simonsen W, Gaard M and Hansen H (2010) Vegetation transition following drainage in a high-latitude hyper-oceanic ecosystem. Applied Vegetation Science 13, 249-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2009.01066.x

Koprdová S, Saska P, Honek A and Martinková Z (2010) Seed consumption by millipedes. Pedobiologia 54, 31-36. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031405610000739

Bottollier-Curtet M and Muller SD (2009) Dynamique et contexte passés du développement d’une tourbière méditerranéenne (Massif de l’Aigoual, France). Comptes Rendus Biologies 332, 69-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631069108002680

Bottollier-Curtet M and Muller SD (2009) Dynamique et contexte passÉs du dÉveloppement d’une tourbière mÉditerranÉenne (Massif de l’Aigoual, France). Comptes Rendus Biologies 332, 69-82. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631069108002680

Britton AJ, Beale CM, Towers W and Hewison RL (2009) Biodiversity gains and losses: Evidence for homogenisation of Scottish alpine vegetation. Biological Conservation 142, 1728-1739. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320709001451

Dinsmore KJ, Skiba UM, Billett MF, Rees RM and Drewer J (2009) Spatial and temporal variability in CH4 and N2O fluxes from a Scottish ombrotrophic peatland: Implications for modelling and up-scaling. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41, 1315-1323. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003807170900131X

Fraser MD, Theobald VJ, Davies DR and Moorby JM (2009) Impact of diet selected by cattle and sheep grazing heathland communities on nutrient supply and faecal micro-flora activity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 129, 367-377. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880908002740

Fraser MD, Theobald VJ, Griffiths JB, Morris SM and Moorby JM (2009) Comparative diet selection by cattle and sheep grazing two contrasting heathland communities. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 129, 182-192. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880908002478

Heinrichs S and Schmidt W (2009) Short-term effects of selection and clear cutting on the shrub and herb layer vegetation during the conversion of even-aged Norway spruce stands into mixed stands. Forest Ecology and Management 258, 667-678. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112709003363

Måren IE and Vandvik V (2009) Fire and regeneration: the role of seed banks in the dynamics of northern heathlands. Journal of Vegetation Science 20, 871-888. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2009.01091.x

Nilsen LS and Moen A (2009) Coastal heath vegetation in central Norway. Nordic Journal of Botany 27, 523-538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2009.00240.x

Skrzypek G, Baranowska-KÄ…cka A, Keller-Sikora A and JÄ™drysek M-O (2009) Analogous trends in pollen percentages and carbon stable isotope composition of Holocene peat — Possible interpretation for palaeoclimate studies. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 156, 507-518. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666709000852

Skrzypek G, Baranowska-Kacka A, Keller-Sikora A and Jedrysek M-O (2009) Analogous trends in pollen percentages and carbon stable isotope composition of Holocene peat—Possible interpretation for palaeoclimate studies. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 156, 507-518. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666709000852

Tsaliki M and Diekmann M (2009) Fitness and survival in fragmented populations of Narthecium ossifragum at the species’ range margin. Acta Oecologica 35, 415-421. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1146609X09000101

Vandenberghe C, Prior G, Littlewood NA, Brooker R and Pakeman R (2009) Influence of livestock grazing on meadow pipit foraging behaviour in upland grassland. Basic and Applied Ecology 10, 662-670. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1439179109000346

Vellak AIN, Tuvi E-L, Reier Ü, Kalamees R, Roosaluste E, Zobel M and PÄRtel M (2009) Past and Present Effectiveness of Protected Areas for Conservation of Naturally and Anthropogenically Rare Plant Species

Efectividad Pasada y Presente de las Áreas Protegidas para la Conservación de Especies de Plantas Raras Natural y Antropogénicamente. Conservation Biology 23, 750-757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01127.x

Critchley CNR, Adamson HF, McLean BML and Davies OD (2008) Vegetation dynamics and livestock performance in system-scale studies of sheep and cattle grazing on degraded upland wet heath. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 128, 59-67. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880908001412

Harrison AF, Taylor K, Scott A, Poskitt JAN, Benham D, Grace J, Chaplow J and Rowland P (2008) Potential effects of climate change on DOC release from three different soil types on the Northern Pennines UK: examination using field manipulation experiments. Global Change Biology 14, 687-702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01504.x

Holland JP, Waterhouse A, Robertson D and Pollock ML (2008) Effect of different grazing management systems on the herbage mass and pasture height of a Nardus stricta grassland in western Scotland, United Kingdom. Grass and Forage Science 63, 48-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2007.00613.x

Jonásová M and Prach K (2008) The influence of bark beetles outbreak vs. salvage logging on ground layer vegetation in Central European mountain spruce forests. Biological Conservation 141, 1525-1535. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320708001225

Måren IE, Vandvik V and Ekelund K (2008) Restoration of bracken-invaded Calluna vulgaris heathlands: Effects on vegetation dynamics and non-target species. Biological Conservation 141, 1032-1042. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320708000505

Newman EI (2008) References. In ‘Applied Ecology and Environmental Management’. (Ed.^(Eds  pp. 354-385. (Blackwell Science Ltd). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470698723.refs

Rosef L (2008) Germinable soil seed banks in abandoned grasslands in central and western Norway and their significance for restoration. Applied Vegetation Science 11, 223-230. http://dx.doi.org/10.3170/2008-7-18361

Stewart H, Hewitt CN and Bunce RGH (2008) Assessing, mapping and quantifying the distribution of foliar biomass in Great Britain. Biomass and Bioenergy 32, 838-856. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953407002395

Trivedi MR, Berry PM, Morecroft MD and Dawson TP (2008) Spatial scale affects bioclimate model projections of climate change impacts on mountain plants. Global Change Biology 14, 1089-1103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01553.x

Trivedi MR, Morecroft MD, Berry PM and Dawson TP (2008) Potential effects of climate change on plant communities in three montane nature reserves in Scotland, UK. Biological Conservation 141, 1665-1675. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320708001390

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Bamforth SS (1971) The Numbers and Proportions of Testacea and Ciliates in Litters and Soils. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 18, 24-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.1971.tb03274.x

Latter PM and Heal OW (1971) A preliminary study of the growth of fungi and bacteria from temperate and antarctic soils in relation to temperature. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 3, 365-379. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0038071771900472

Miles J (1971) BURNING MOLINIA–DOMINANT VEGETATION FOR GRAZING BY RED DEER. Grass and Forage Science 26, 247-250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1971.tb00671.x

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Burstrom HG (1968) CALCIUM AND PLANT GROWTH. Biological Reviews 43, 287-316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.1968.tb00962.x

Grant SA and Hunter RF (1968) INTERACTIONS OF GRAZING AND BURNING ON HEATHER MOORS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS IN HEATHER MANAGEMENT. Grass and Forage Science 23, 285-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1968.tb00588.x

Jäger E (1968) Die pflanzengeographische Ozeanitätsgliederung der Holarktis und die Ozeanitätsbindung der Pflanzenareale. Feddes Repertorium 79, 157-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fedr.19680790302

Crampton CB and Jones RG (1967) THE ALTITUDINAL ZONING OF GRASSLAND AND SOILS ON THE BRECON BEACONS IN SOUTH WALES. Grass and Forage Science 22, 46-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1967.tb00501.x

Welch D (1967) STUDIES IN THE GERMINATION AND ESTABLISHMENT OF JUNCUS SQUARROSUS. New Phytologist 66, 89-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1967.tb05991.x

Jones J (1966) PASTORAL LANCASHIRE. Grass and Forage Science 21, 21-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1966.tb00442.x

Welch D (1966) THE REPRODUCTIVE CAPACITY OF JUNCUS SQUARROSUS. New Phytologist 65, 77-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1966.tb05417.x

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Douglas G, Lewis CJ and McIlvenny HC (1965) THE EFFECT OF THE BIPYRIDYL HERBICIDES ON HILL COMMUNITIES AND THEIR ROLE IN THE IMPROVEMENT OF HILL GRAZING. Grass and Forage Science 20, 64-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1965.tb00398.x

Whittaker JB (1965) The biology of Neophilaenus lineatus (L.) and N. exclamations (Thunberg) (Homoptera: Cercopidae) on Pennine moorland. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series A, General Entomology 40, 51-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3032.1965.tb00313.x

Hunt IV (1964) COMPARATIVE PRODUCTIVITY OF HERBAGE VARIETIES ON UPLAND PEAT. Grass and Forage Science 19, 55-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1964.tb01141.x

Rawes M and Welch D (1964) STUDIES ON SHEEP GRAZING IN THE NORTHERN PENNINES. Grass and Forage Science 19, 403-411. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1964.tb01194.x

King J and Davies GE (1963) THE EFFECT OF DALAPON ON THE SPECIES OF HILL GRASSLAND. Grass and Forage Science 18, 52-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1963.tb00326.x

Hughes R and Nicholson IA (1962) COMPARISONS OF GRASS VARIETIES FOR SURFACE SEEDING UPLAND PASTURE TYPES. Grass and Forage Science 17, 74-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1962.tb00272.x

Robertson RA and Nicholson IA (1961) THE RESPONSE OF SOME HILL PASTURE TYPES TO LIME AND PHOSPHATE. Grass and Forage Science 16, 117-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1961.tb00222.x

Copeman GJF and Roberts HW (1960) THE DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACE SEEDING. Grass and Forage Science 15, 163-168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1960.tb00173.x

Coulson JC (1959) OBSERVATIONS ON THE TIPULIDAE (DIPTERA) OF THE MOOR HOUSE NATURE RESERVE, WESTMORLAND. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 111, 157-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1959.tb02280.x

Remane R (1958) Die Besiedlung von Grünlandflächen verschiedener Herkunft durch Wanzen und Zikaden im Weser-Ems-Gebiet. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 42, 353-400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1958.tb00904.x

Thomas B and Fairbairn CB (1956) THE WHITE BENT (Nardus stricta): ITS COMPOSITION, DIGESTIBILITY AND PROBABLE NUTRITIVE VALUE. Grass and Forage Science 11, 230-234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1956.tb00079.x

Muir JW (1955) THE EFFECT OF SOIL-FORMING FACTORS OVER AN AREA IN THE SOUTH OF SCOTLAND. Journal of Soil Science 6, 84-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1955.tb00832.x

Webster J (1955) Graminicolous pyrenomycetes. V. Conidial states of Leptosphaeria michotii, L. microscopica, Pleospora vagans and the perfect state of Dinemasporium graminum. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 38, 347-365. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153655800381

Hunter RF (1954) THE GRAZING OF HILL PASTURE SWARD TYPES*. Grass and Forage Science 9, 195-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1954.tb01334.x

Movean DN (1952) ECOLOGY OF MOLINIA PASTURES WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THEIR INVASION BY POLYTRICHUM COMMUNE. Grass and Forage Science 7, 21-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1952.tb01299.x

Roberts RA (1952) THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF FARMING IN WALES:With Special Reference to Hill Areas. International Journal of Dairy Technology 5, 210-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0307.1952.tb01583.x

Thomas SB and McQuillin J (1952) COLI-AEROGENES BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM GRASS. Journal of Applied Microbiology 15, 41-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1952.tb00007.x

Peart JN (1951) THE EFFECT OF HEATHER ON THE RATE OF GROWTH OF HILL LAMBS. Grass and Forage Science 6, 219-228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1951.tb00932.x

Ramsbottom J and Balfour-Browne FL (1951) List of discomycetes recorded from the British Isles. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 34, 38-137. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153651800275

Robinson GW, Hughes DO and Roberts E (1950) PODZOLIC SOILS OF WALES. Journal of Soil Science 1, 50-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1950.tb00718.x

Tribe DE (1950) THE COMPOSITION OF A SHEEP’S NATURAL DIET. Grass and Forage Science 5, 81-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1950.tb01275.x

Polunin N (1943) Contributions to the Flora and Phytogeography of south-western Greenland: an enumeration of the vascular plants, with critical notes. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 52, 349-406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1943.tb01347.x

FRASER GK (1940) VEGETATION SURVEY OF WASTE LAND IN RELATION TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF WOODLANDS: (with special reference to the North-east of Scotland). Forestry 14, 59-70. http://forestry.oxfordjournals.org

Hyde HA (1940) ON A PEAT BOG AT CRAIG-Y-LLYN, GLAM. DATA FOR THE STUDY OF POST-GLACIAL HISTORY. IV. New Phytologist 39, 226-233. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1940.tb07134.x

SANZEN-BAKER RG (1939) REPORT ON AN EXCURSION TO ALLERSTON FOREST 1939. Forestry 13, 148-154. http://forestry.oxfordjournals.org

Brown EM (1938) Observations of the aquatic fungi of the Aberystwyth district. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 22, 160-167. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007153638800139

GUILLEBAUD WH (1938) THE AFFORESTATION OF DIFFICULT PEAT AND UPLAND-HEATH SOILS: AN EXTRACT FROM ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT ON THE RESEARCH WORK OF THE FORESTRY COMMISSION FOR YEAR 1937. Forestry 12, 80-92. http://forestry.oxfordjournals.org

GUILLEBAUD WH (1933) SCOTS PINE IN MORAYSHIRE AND STRATHSPEY. Forestry 7, 137-153. http://forestry.oxfordjournals.org

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TAYLOR WL (1930) THE PROBLEM OF FIRE IN BRITISH FORESTS. Forestry 4, 78-92. http://forestry.oxfordjournals.org

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Erdtman G (1924) Studies in the Micropalæontology of Postglacial Deposits in Northern Scotland and the Scotch Isles, with especial reference to the history of the woodlands. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 46, 449-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1924.tb00499.x

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Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following: for plant names: Australian Plant Name Index, Australian National Herbarium http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni-search-full.html; ; The International Plant Names Index, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Harvard University Herbaria/Australian National Herbarium http://www.ipni.org/index.html; Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service http://plants.usda.gov/;DJ Mabberley (1997) The Plant Book, Cambridge University Press (Second Edition); JH Wiersma and B Leon (1999) World Economic Plants, CRC Press; RJ Hnatiuk (1990) Census of Australian Vascular Plants, Australian Government Publishing Service; for information: Science Direct http://www.sciencedirect.com/; Wiley Online Library http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search; High Wire http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/search; Oxford Journals http://services.oxfordjournals.org/search.dtl; USDA National Agricultural Library http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/booleancube/booleancube_search_cit.html; for synonyms: The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org/; for common names: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page; etc.


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